Brookie Quiz
What do you know about the trout that, well..isn't a trout.

by Thomas Lew

Brook Trout; I love the head shakin', orange, green and purple little rascals. I do! To help test our knowledge of Salvelinus fontinalis, the scientific name for our friend the Eastern Brook Trout , I've but together a little quiz. Grab a piece of paper. Sharpen your pencils. Have some fun with it. The answers are at the end of the page.

1. Which of the following fish is most closely related to the Brook Trout with regards to species and family?
  1.  Bull Trout
  2.  Atlantic Salmon
  3.  Rainbow Trout
  4.  Brown Trout
2. A "Tiger Trout" is a hybrid of a Brook Trout and which other species of fish?
  1. Northern Pike
  2. Rainbow Trout
  3. Brown Trout
  4. Lake Trout
3. A "Splake" is a hybrid of a Brook Trout and which other species of fish?
  1. Northern Pike
  2. Rainbow Trout
  3. Brown Trout
  4. Lake Trout
4. According to Trout Unlimited and the Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture, what is the number one biological threat to Brook Trout populations?
  1. Raptors and fish eating birds
  2. Non native species of fish
  3. Smallmouth bass
  4. Increase of microscopic parasites
5. Which of the following is NOT a common name for a Brook Trout?
  1. "Coasters"
  2. "Speckled Trout"
  3. "Cold Trout"
  4. "Squaretail"
6. The Brook Trout's scientific name is Salvelinus fontinalis. What meaning does the epithet fontinalis derive from?
  1. Icy cold water
  2. Living in springs
  3. Writing on the skin
  4. Crooked or hooked jaw
7. The state bird of Massachusetts is the chickadee. The Brook Trout is the state fish of a few states of the union. For which of the following states is the Brook Trout NOT the state fish?
  1. Maine
  2. Pennsylvania
  3. West Virginia
  4. Virginia
8. An average female Brook Trout will produce how many eggs during the spawning season?
  1. 10-100
  2. 100-500
  3. 500-1000
  4. 1000-3000
9. According to Trout Unlimited and the Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture, in the Eastern U.S today, what percentage of streams are supporting Brook Trout at or above their historical population levels?
  1. 5%
  2. 20%
  3. 50%
  4. 70%
10. When spawning, the female Brook Trout digs a slight depression into the gravel of a stream to lay her eggs. This depression is called a..
  1. nest
  2. bed
  3. milt
  4. redd
11. To extirpate means to eliminate a species from a local area (watershed, stream or pond). According to a recent Trout Unlimited study, which state leads the 17 Eastern U.S. states in percentage loss of Brook Trout habitat?
  1. Massachusetts
  2. South Carolina
  3. New York
  4. Georgia
12. Brook Trout are tasty! If you decide not to catch and release; On the average, how many calories does an eight ounce serving of poached or baked fresh trout provide?
  1.  50
  2. 150
  3. 250
  4. 400
13. What is the average life expectancy of a Brook trout?
  1. Three years
  2. Five years
  3. Seven years
  4. Nine years
14. What is the weight of the current world record for Brook Trout caught in 1915 in Ontario Canada?
  1. 10 pounds
  2. 12 pounds
  3. 14 pounds
  4. 18 pounds
15. Brook Trout are in fact char and NOT members of the trout family. Which fish below is NOT a member of the CHAR family?
  1. Golden Trout
  2. Aurora Trout
  3. Dolly Varden
  4. Lake Trout

 

The Answers

1. Which of the following fish is most closely related to the Brook Trout with regards to species and family?
A. Bull Trout - In the list only the "Bull" is a CHAR. The rest are TROUT or SALMON. Brook Trout are a char. Other char: Lake Trout, Artic Char, Aurora Trout, and Dolly Varden.
2. A "Tiger Trout" is a hybrid of a Brook Trout and which other species of fish?
C. Brown Trout.  We've had a couple of Tiger Trout stocked in Patkin Pond.
3. A "Splake" is a hybrid of a Brook Trout and which other species of fish?
D. Lake Trout
4. According to Trout Unlimited and the Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture, what is the number one biological threat to Brook Trout populations?
B. Non native species of fish - Introduction of non native species such as Rainbow trout and perch have contributed to the destruction of Brook Trout in many of their native habitat.
5. Which of the following is NOT a common name for a Brook Trout?
C. "Cold Trout"
6. The Brook Trout's scientific name is Salvelinus fontinalis. What meaning does the epithet fontinalis derive from?
B. Living in springs (springs or fountains)
7. The state bird of Massachusetts is the chickadee. The Brook Trout is the state fish of a few states of the union. For which of the following states is the Brook Trout NOT the state fish?
A. Maine - The state fish of Maine is the Atlantic Salmon. Incidentally, the state fish for Massachusetts: the Atlantic Cod! OH MY COD!  Michigan, New Hamsphire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia and West Virginia all proudly list the Brook Trout as their state fish.
8. An average female Brook Trout will produce how many eggs during the spawning season?
B. 100-500 - "On the average." Larger fish can produce 2000-3000 eggs.
9. According to Trout Unlimited and the Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture, in the Eastern U.S today, what percentage of streams are supporting Brook Trout at or above their historical population levels?
A. 5% - Yikes! Only 5% of historical brook trout waters are sustaining the same populations that they did in the past. This tricky question speaks to conservation and how our natural resources are diminishing.
10. When spawning, the female Brook Trout digs a slight depression into the gravel of a stream to lay her eggs. This depression is called a..
D. redd - well, at least that's what I read.
11. To extirpate means to eliminate a species from a local area (watershed, stream or pond). According to a recent Trout Unlimited study, which state leads the 17 Eastern U.S. states in percentage loss of Brook Trout habitat?
D. Georgia - Georgia lost a lot of brook trout habitat. Among the reasons are poor land management and the increase in the stocked Rainbow trout population. So in many Georgia watersheds the Brook Trout has been extirpated.
12. Brook Trout are tasty! If you decide not to catch and release; On the average, how many calories does an eight ounce serving of poached or baked fresh trout provide?
C. 250 - Give or take.. Much more if you smother them with corn meal and fry in bacon fat and serve them with eggs.
13. What is the average life expectancy of a Brook trout?
B. Five years - About six months at our pond!
14. What is the weight of the current world record for Brook Trout caught in 1915 in Ontario Canada?
C. 14 pounds - Well, 14 pounds 8 ounces, on the Nipigon River in Ontario Canada.  The record has apparently held since July 1915! It is a spin casting record.
15. Brook Trout are in fact char and NOT members of the trout family. Which fish below is NOT a member of the CHAR family?
A. Golden Trout - The Golden Trout is arguably a sub-species of the Rainbow Trout but it is NOT a char. All the other fish listed are char just like the brookie.

How did you do?

Perfect Score? - You're a Baxter State Park Brookie Banger!
1-2 wrong? - A Labrador retriever
3-4 wrong? - Speckled Trout are your species-ality.
5 or more? - Yikes, A Parmachene Belle

 

Mr. Lew is an apprentice fly-fisherman, fly tyer, a member of Malden Anglers and Senior Director of IT in the healthcare industry.